UN pushes developing countries to prioritise climate adaptation plans

Staff Writer

The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) has called on developing countries to step up their efforts on climate adaptation.

In a statement released after the Bonn Climate Change Conference, the UN body highlighted the importance of National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) and called for their accelerated development.

“As part of the outcome of the Global Stocktake, UN Climate Change is urging Parties to develop National Adaptation Plans (NAPs) by the end of 2025, and to make progress in implementing them by 2030,” the UNFCCC said.

It highlighted that only 58 countries have submitted National Adaptation Plans.

“The secretariat has asked more countries to have a plan by 2025 and make progress on implementing them by 2030. Over the coming months, UN Climate Change will work directly with countries to accelerate the formulation of NAPs, including through its Regional Collaboration Centres,” the statement said.

NAPs are crucial documents that outline a country’s strategies for adapting to the inevitable impacts of climate change, such as rising sea levels, extreme weather events, and shifting weather patterns. These plans are critical for developing countries, which are often disproportionately affected by climate change despite contributing less to greenhouse gas emissions.

The Bonn Climate Change Conference concluded on Thursday after two weeks of intensive work across a range of issues where progress is needed on the path to the UN Climate Change Conference (COP29) this November in Baku, Azerbaijan.

“We’ve taken modest steps forward here in Bonn,” said UN Climate Change Executive Secretary Simon Stiell in his closing speech. “[But] too many items are still on the table . . . We’ve left ourselves with a very steep mountain to climb to achieve ambitious outcomes in Baku.”

The June Meetings hosted a technical expert dialogue to enable an in-depth examination of the elements of the New Collective Quantified Goal on climate finance – including how to make sure it is: ambitious, optimally structured, transparently reported on, and improves the quality of climate finance to developing countries.

Parties also spent several days working on developing a substantive framework for a draft negotiating text for consideration at COP29, outlining the text here in Bonn.

Stiell also noted the need for further progress on climate finance issues outside of the UNFCCC process, including by the G7. “Advanced economies have multiple levers to pull, including as shareholders in development banks.”

Delegates made important strides on key technical aspects of Article 6, including carbon credit authorisation, activity scope, the international carbon market registry, and more.

Constructive discussions in Bonn clarified positions on Article 6.2 and 6.4 ahead of COP29. Delegates also agreed to hold a workshop to further progress technical work on Article 6.2 and 6.4 ahead of November.

As a result, they will be better placed to meet in Baku ready to finalize an outcome and move towards better carbon markets.

In the lead-up to COP29, additional work on Article 6.4 will move forward. The UN Body responsible for operationalising a new global carbon market under the Paris Agreement will meet twice ahead negotiations in Baku, to finalise recommendations on methodologies and emission removals.

Feedback gathered from Parties and stakeholders at an engagement event during the June Climate Meetings will be incorporated into these recommendations.

The Supervisory Body also aims to finalize a Sustainable Development Tool in the run up to COP29, to establish environmental and social safeguards.

Completing the remaining elements on Article 6 in Baku will unlock further funding for national climate plans and adaptation.

The incoming COP Presidency asked Parties to submit their Biennial Transparency Reports (BTRs) ahead of COP29 in Baku. These reports will help Parties build a stronger evidence base for ambition.

Several events took place during the June Meetings on the support available to developing countries, including the In-person Workshop on ETF Support and the In-session Facilitative Dialogue on ETF Support.

Later this month, UN Climate Change will deliver new Enhanced Transparency Framework reporting tools that integrate tracking of greenhouse gas inventories, action, and support. In partnership with Microsoft, UN Climate Change is also developing a new Climate Data Hub to bring this data to life.

UN Climate Change has already trained more than 1,100 experts from 150 countries, building the capacity of thousands of practitioners, including across other intergovernmental organisations.

Training sessions on the new reporting tools will be held in the African and Latin American and Caribbean regions ahead of COP29, and COP29.

Parties are required to deliver their next round of Nationally Determined Contributions (NDCs) early next year, aligned with the 1.5 °C limit, and covering all sectors and all greenhouse gases.

At the June Meetings, UN Climate Change and the NDC Partnership launched the NDC 3.0 Navigator, to help Parties access information that can help them develop new NDCs with a focus on implementation.

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